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Defense and National Security

The U.S. military and the American national security system are connected to U.S. foreign policy and U.S. relations with the world in undeniable yet diverse ways. These resources are the best on the Web for exploring and better understanding these connections.

Epochs Of US Foreign Policy, Part Three
The third epoch of US foreign policy saw America become a global power -- whether it liked it or not.

Ukraine Crisis Hits ISS
Ukraine crisis hits ISS as Russia reacts to US sanctions.

Military Advisers In US Foreign Policy
Under Obama, US military advisers are getting a reprieve from the specter of Vietnam.

Obama Reaffirms Asia-Pacific Defense Pacts
In his April 2014 Asia-Pacific trip, US President Barack Obama reaffirmed America's mutual defense obligations with Japan, including backing its claims to the Senkaku Islands against China.

Realpolitik in Foreign Policy
With Russia and Ukraine, Realpolitik is back. What is it, and can the US practice it as well?

Bill Bans "Terrorist" Ambassadors
President Obama signed a bill banning UN ambassadors with ties to terrorism from entering the US, but he retained discretionary power for the presidency.

Ukraine Deal; Or Is It No Deal?
US Secretary of State John Kerry announces a deal to de-escalate tension in Ukraine, but US President Barack Obama is skeptical.

U.S. and Russia: Unlikely Civil War Allies

NATO Charter Article 5
President Obama has mentioned NATO Article 5 several times during the Ukraine Crisis. What is Article 5? Check here.

Is Brinkmanship Back?
In Vladimir Putin, old style foreign policy "brinkmanship" is making a comeback. Or maybe it never really left.

Russian Troops Worry NATO, US
At the NATO Brussels Forum March 21, 2014, NATO leaders expressed resolve against further Russian aggression, even as they worried more might be imminent.

U.S., West Watch Crimea Referendum
Russia vetos anti-referendum resolution in United Nations while world awaits Crimean vote.

Politicizing The Ukrainian Crisis
Rand Paul opens a 2016 election-season attack on Obama's handling of the Ukraine Crisis.

U.S. Options In Crimea
The U.S. is trying several options, including sanctions and diplomacy, to resolve the crisis in Crimea.

U.S., Russia And The 2014 Crimean Crisis
U.S. and Western countries lag behind as Russia presents Ukraine with a done deal in Crimea.

U-2 Spy Plane Nears The End
Recon drones appear ready to replace venerable U-2 spy plane as Pentagon budget cuts loom.

Pentagon Requests Budget Cuts For 2015
The Pentagon wants deep budget cuts for 2015 and beyond. Will that hurt US foreign policy?

US-Russian Cooperation

Major Foreign Policy Moments In American Intelligence
A list of major foreign policy moments in U.S. intelligence.

Obama's NSA Reforms
President Obama revealed his plan to reform the operations of the National Security Agency (NSA) on January 17. He paid special attention to the foreign policy implications of his plan.

How The AK-47 And U.S. Foreign Policy
By supporting the Soviet policy of revolution, the AK-47 drove the United States' own Cold War policy of containment.

Barack And Raul: A Handshake

B-52s Over East China Sea
U.S. demonstrates opposition to Chinese "air defense zone" over disputed islands by flying B-52s through the area.

Obama, Bibi At Odds Over Iran Nuke Deal
The "first step" agreement on Iranian nukes will no doubt increase tension between Obama and Netanyahu. Bibi has already called it a "historic mistake."

John F. Kennedy's Inaugural Address

Kennedy And Vietnam

Kennedy, Cuba, And The Bay Of Pigs

Kennedy and Khrushchev

Asteroid Hunting With The UN

When U.S. And France Were Really Enemies; Part 2

When The U.S. And France Were Really Enemies: Part 1

U.S. Allegedly Spies On Its Allies

JCS Chairm Outlines U.S. Options In Syria
A month before the most recent chemical attacks in Syria, Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff General Martin Dempsey outline possible plans of U.S. intervention in the civil war-torn state.

The Reagan Doctrine, Pt. 1
The Reagan Doctrine was a policy of rolling back, not just containing, Communism.

The Reagan Doctrine, Pt. 2
National Security Decision Directive 75 was the lynchpin of Ronald Reagan's policy to rollback the Soviet Union.

Clausewitz On Foreign Policy
One of history's premier military theorists long ago stressed that war is an extension of foreign policy.

Kerry Visits East Asia
In April 2013, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry visited China, Japan, and South Korea in a trip that reaffirmed the nations' commitment a denuclearized Korean Peninsula.

Missile Defense and Diplomacy
The U.S. plans to strengthen its missile defenses against North Korean threats in a move that may also reassure Russia about Eastern European missile defense plans.

What Is The Korean War Armistice That North Korea Just Invalidated?
On March 11, 2013, North Korea declared the Korean War armistice invalid. Here is a look at the Korean War, the armistice, and American foreign policies involved in both.

North Korea Threatens To Engulf Washington in "Sea of Fire"
On March 7, 2013, North Korea threatened to engulf Washington D.C. in a "sea of fire" with a nuclear missile attack after the United Nations strengthened sanctions against the communist country.

Hagel Confirmed As Secretary of Defense
The United States Senate confirmed Chuck Hagel as U.S. Secretary of Defense on February 26, 2013.

Foreign Policy Highlights Of 2013 State Of The Union Address
U.S. foreign policy highlights of President Barack Obama's 2013 State of the Union address.

Clinton's Heated Exchange
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton engaged in an emotional, heated exchange with senators during questioning about the death of Ambassador Chris Stevens in Benghazi, September 11, 2012.

Hagel, Brennan Nominated For Defense, CIA Spots
On January 7, 2013, President Barack Obama nominated former Nebraska Senator Chuck Hagel to become the new secretary of defense and John Brennan to head the Central Intelligence Agency. If they win Senate approval, both will lead agencies that are central to the implementation of U.S. foreign policy.

The United States In Vietnam
A brief look at the American policies and ideologies that plunged the U.S. into the Vietnam War.

Henry Kissinger, Seretary Of State For Nixon And Ford
Henry Kissinger is one of the most reconizable, and controversial, of America's modern secretaries of state.

The Christmas Bombing
The Christmas season of 1972 brought a brutal American air campaign over North Vietnam. Known as the Christmas Bombing, it was President Richard Nixon's practice of foreign policy by force.

U.S. Chemical Weapons Diplomatic History
U.S. warnings to Syria against chemical weapons usage underscore America's long adherence to anti-chemical weapons policies.

Clinton Takes Responsibility
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton took full responsibility for the safety of U.S. foreign service personnel in the wake of Libyan Ambassador Chris Stevens' death.

Romney's VMI Speech
Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney made a foreign policy speech at the Virginia Military Institute October 1, 2012. Instead of offering new foreign policy for debate, he weakly tried to attach himself to one of America's premier diplomats.

When The U.S. Boycotted The Summer Olympics
The 1980 Olympics became enmeshed in American foreign policy as the U.S. boycotted the games to protest the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan.

Munich Olympic Massacre Forces Changes In U.S. Diplomatic Security
The murder of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics forced changes in the way the United States handles diplomatic security.

Clinton's Apology To Pakistan
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton apologizes to Pakistan for a November 2011 incident that killed 24 Pakistani soldiers, but her apology has diplomatic wiggle room.

George C. Marshall, 50th U.S. Secretary of State
George C. Marshall, the 50th U.S. Secretary of State, earned a Nobel prize for his humanitarian efforts in rebuilding war-torn Europe.

U.S., Japan Strike Deal On Okinawa Troops
The United States and Japan have struck an agreement to move 9,000 U.S. Marines from the prefecture of Okinawa to Guam.

Nuclear Weapons Non-Proliferation Treaty
The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, first opened for signing in 1968, was the first major international treaty aimed at curbing the development of nuclear weapons.

India Successfully Fires Nuclear Capable Missile
India successfully fires an Agni-V missile on April 19, but unlike the response to North Korea's recent attempt at a missile launch, no one is too upset.

The U.S. and Great Britain: The Special Relationship Forged In War
A look at the "special relationship" of U.S. and British diplomacy during the two world wars.

US Foreign Policy After 9/11
United States foreign policy changed in some very noticeable ways after September 11, 2001. In other ways, foreign policy after 9/11 has remained the same.

Obama, Panetta Announce "Leaner" Military
President Obama announced on January 5, 2012, that, in the wake of budget constraints and changing strategic needs, the U.S. military is going to become "leaner."

U.S. Interest In The Strait of Hormuz
Iran's threat to close the Strait of Hormuz points out the strategic value of many straits to U.S. foreign policy.

Obama, Panetta Herald End of Iraq War
On October 21, 2011, President Barack Obama announced the end of U.S. involvement in the Iraq War.

U.S. Wants To Secure Weapons In Libya
The collapse of the Qaddafi regime in Libya puts new emphasis on one of the U.S. State Department's major policy components -- conventional weapons nonproliferation.

The War Powers Act of 1973
A description of the War Powers Act of 1973, its function and intent.

International Strategy for Cyberspace
Just as the realm of U.S. foreign policy reaches around the globe, it also reaches into cyberspace. In an effort to keep the Internet free, open, and secure, the Obama administration introduced the International Strategy for Cyberspace in May 2011.

The Bush Doctrine
The Bush Doctrine of US foreign policy combined elements of unilateralism with preventive warfare.

Obama Defends War in Libya
The Obama White House defended US action in the war in Libya against a rebuke from Congress.

Combatting Terrorism in 2010
This is an article on the elements of a counterterrorism strategy.

What Is Counterterrorism?
This is an article explaining counterterrorism

What Is Arms Control?
What does the phrase "Arms Control" mean, and how does it affect US foreign policy?

The U.S. Defense Department
The U.S. Defense Department directs and organizes the United States military. Learn more about its history, leadership, and budget.

How Much Does the US Spend on Defense?
Running the most powerful defense apparatus in the history of the world isn't cheap. Find out how much the US spends on national security and other aspects of foreign policy.

General David Petraeus
U.S. Army General David Petraeus has become one of the most important figures shaping America's national security and defense. Learn more about his background, education and experience.

A profile of NATO, the world's largest military alliance, from About Guide to U.S. Foreign Policy Keith Porter.

How the US is Fighting Terrorism in the Horn of Africa
The Horn of Africa is becoming a locus of terrorist activity. Find out how the US is responding.

Learn about the US Military
The US military is one of the most powerful and important tools of America's foreign policy. To learn all about the US military, check out About.com's comprehensive coverage of the US military.

Obama Takes A Lesson From The Founding Fathers
Barack Obama is steering the US away from perpetual war, having taken a lesson from the Founding Fathers.

Obama Calls For Further Nuclear Arms Reductions
Speaking at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, June 19, 2013, US President Barack Obama called for further nuclear arms reductions between the US and Russia.

U.S. And Mexico, 1920-1945
The Good Neighbor policies of Herbert Hoover and Franklin D. Roosevelt did much to counter a century of bad relations between the U.S. and Mexico.

Love the Warrior, Hate the War
Analyst Lorelei Kelly explores why progressives have more in common with the military than they think.

The U.S. Defense Department
The U.S. Defense Department, also known as the Pentagon, oversees all branches of the U.S. military and maintains a presence around the globe. This is their official web site.

Does America need a Foreign Legion?
Colby Cosh of Canada's National Post speculates that America will need mass recruitment of foreigners to fill the growing need for soldiers.

National Security Council
The National Security Council, including the President and Vice President, is the primary forum for drawing together all executive branch leaders to consider urgent matters of security and foreign policy.

Joint Chiefs of Staff
The Joint Chiefs of Staff include the top commanders of the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is the principal military adviser to the President.

U.S., Russia Update Cold War NRRC Agreement

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