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Europe and U.S. Foreign Policy

The United States has long term national interests and vital engagements across Europe. This page includes key links and resources exploring those relationships as well as the role of U.S. foreign policy in various regional issues and organizations including the European Union, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and more.
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The Budapest Memorandum
The Budapest Memorandum figures greatly in western opposition to Russia's annexation of Crimea. But what exactly is it? Find out here.

U.S. and Russia: Unlikely Civil War Allies

NATO Charter Article 5
President Obama has mentioned NATO Article 5 several times during the Ukraine Crisis. What is Article 5? Check here.

Is Brinkmanship Back?
In Vladimir Putin, old style foreign policy "brinkmanship" is making a comeback. Or maybe it never really left.

Russian Troops Worry NATO, US
At the NATO Brussels Forum March 21, 2014, NATO leaders expressed resolve against further Russian aggression, even as they worried more might be imminent.

U.S., West Watch Crimea Referendum
Russia vetos anti-referendum resolution in United Nations while world awaits Crimean vote.

U.S. Options In Crimea
The U.S. is trying several options, including sanctions and diplomacy, to resolve the crisis in Crimea.

U.S., Russia And The 2014 Crimean Crisis
U.S. and Western countries lag behind as Russia presents Ukraine with a done deal in Crimea.

US-Russian Cooperation: Apollo-Soyuz, 1975
The Apollo-Soyuz mission in July 1975 ushered in a new era in US-Russian foreign policy and set the stage for decades of successful cooperation in space.

US Interests In Ukraine
Is the US instrumental in helping solve the Ukraine crisis, or is it irrelevant?

US-Russian Cooperation

Shirley Temple: The Diplomat You Didn't Know
Shirley Temple leaves behind not only a Hollywood legacy, but a diplomatic one as well.

Does Nuland's F-Bomb Make Any Difference?
Victoria Nuland's F-bomb reveals more about humans under pressure than American opinions of the European Union.

U.S. Advice For Travelers To Sochi Olympics
The U.S. State Department doesn't advise Americans to stay away from the Sochi Olympics, but they do advise caution and limited patriotic display while there.

John F. Kennedy's Inaugural Address

When U.S. And France Were Really Enemies; Part 2

When The U.S. And France Were Really Enemies: Part 1

U.S. Allegedly Spies On Its Allies

US, Russia Pleased With Progress In Syria

Obama and Putin Will Not Meet
Obama and Putin will not hold a bilateral meeting during the G20 summit in September. Obama cancelled the meeting over Russia's giving asylum to Edward Snowden, the man who allegedly leaked secrets of the National Security Agency.

Diplomatic Leverage Is Critical In Foreign Policy
In foreign policy and diplomacy, nations must negotiate from a position of power, or at least have some diplomatic leverage, for their policy initiatives to be effective.

The U.S., LGBT Rights, And Sochi Olympics
U.S. President Barack Obama is disappointed in Russia's recent anti-gay legislation, but he's not letting this and other obstacles in U.S-Russian relations cause him to commit the same blunder President Jimmy Carter did in 1980. Obama is not going to have the U.S. boycott the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia.

Putin's Op-Ed On Syria
Russian President Vladimir Putin had strong words for the United States and President Barack Obama in an editorial piece September 12, 2013. Putin's op-ed regarded the possibility of American punitive military strikes against Syria for a chemical weapons attack August 21.

U.S. And Russia, 2+2
The U.S. and Russia engaged in what is called 2+2 meetings August 9, 2013, in an effort to keep communications open during a difficult period during the countries' relationship.

What To Give The Royal Baby?
What do you get the newborn who has everything? Well, who knows -- but it better be good, because if he's the future king of England the gift might have long-term foreign policy implications.

The Reagan Doctrine, Pt. 1
The Reagan Doctrine was a policy of rolling back, not just containing, Communism.

The Reagan Doctrine, Pt. 2
National Security Decision Directive 75 was the lynchpin of Ronald Reagan's policy to rollback the Soviet Union.

Former Brit P.M. Margaret Thatcher Dies At 87
Reflections on the U.S. foreign policy impact of former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.

Missile Defense and Diplomacy
The U.S. plans to strengthen its missile defenses against North Korean threats in a move that may also reassure Russia about Eastern European missile defense plans.

Washington D.C. Hurricane of 1814
A hurricane that hit Wasghington D.C. in 1814 drove away British troops that had occupied the capital, helping set the United States on its path to becoming a diplomatic power.

Neil Armstong Dies At Age 82
Neil Armstrong, who died August 25, 2012, at age 82, was both the first man on the Moon and an agent of U.S. foreign policy.

U.S. Concerned About Pussy Riot Sentencing
The U.S. State Department, White House, and Voice of America have all registered their concerns over the sentencing of Russian punk band Pussy Riot.

Michelle Obama, Olympic Diplomat
U.S. First Lady Michelle Obama was America's lead diplomat in London at the opening of the 2012 Olympics.

Romney Drops The Torch In London
Mitt Romney stumbled on the first leg of a European trip July 26, 2012, when he criticized London's readiness for the Summer Olympic Games.

U.S. and Russia Hold Bilateral Meeting At G20
U.S.-Russian bilateral meeting to highlight Russian stance on Syria, Afghanistan.

Obama, Putin Set Bilateral Meeting On Trade
President Barack Obama and Russian President Vladimir Putin were expected to discuss trade at a bilateral meeting as part of the G20 2012 economic summit.

Fortieth Anniversary of SALT I
May 2012 marks the 40th anniversary of the SALT I treaty, in which the U.S. and Soviet Union took a major step toward limiting nuclear weapons.

NATO Summit Brings Obama Victory
The NATO 2012 summit in Chicago brought President Barack Obama a diplomatic victory on European missile defense.

G8 2012 List of Declarations
The G8 group of industrial nations that met at Camp David in May 2012 made a list of important, but predictable declarations.

NATO Meets in Chicago
NATO leaders meet in Chicago May 20-21, 2012, to discuss future of NATO missions and funding.

The U.S. and Great Britain: The Special Relationship After World War II
Diplomatic events in the "special relationship" between the United States and Great Britain after World War II.

The U.S. and Great Britain: The Special Relationship Forged In War
A look at the "special relationship" of U.S. and British diplomacy during the two world wars.

The U.S. and Great Britain: Origins Of The Special Relationship
A look at 19th Century events in the diplomatic "special relationship" between the United States and Great Britain.

The Marshall Plan
The post-World War II Marshall Plan to help the recovery of Europe was the grandfather of all U.S. foreign aid projects.

The Treaty of Ghent, 1814
The Treaty of Ghent, signed on Christmas Eve, 1814, ended the War of 1812 and established a new foreign policy dynamic between the United States and Great Britain.

U.S. Watches 2011 Russian Parliamentary Election
American comments criticizing apparent election fraud in Russia's December 4, 2011, parliamentary election angered Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin. Meanwhile, Russia braced for large-scale protests of the election results.

The Fourteen Points
The Fourteen Points were Woodrow Wilson's ambitious plan for peace at the end of World War I.

The Franco-American Treaty, 1778
The Battles of Saratoga lead to the Franco-American Alliance of 1778, the turning point of the American Revolution

Emancipation Proclamation Was Also Foreign Policy
Everyone knows that when Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 he was freeing American slaves. But did you know the abolition of slavery was also a key element of Lincoln's foreign policy?

US Rejects Abkhazia Election Results
The United States has rejected the results of an August 26, 2011, election in the Abkhazia region of Georgia.

The US-Belarusian Relationship
Background on the US-Belarusian Relationship from Keith Porter - your About Guide to US Foreign Policy

The Relationship of the United States with France
A profile of the relationship between the United States and France, from About Guide to U.S. Foreign Policy Keith Porter.

The Relationship of the United States with Germany
A profile of the relationship between the United States and Germnay, from About Guide to U.S. Foreign Policy Keith Porter.

Timeline of U.S.-German Relations
A look at the US-German relationship from 1608 to present, from Keith Porter--your About Guide to U.S. Foreign Policy

The Relationship of the United States with the United Kingdom
A profile of the relationship between the United States and the United Kingdom, from About Guide to U.S. Foreign Policy Keith Porter.

Did Putin Smash Syria Peace Hopes At 2013 G8?
Did Putin Smash Syria Peace Hopes At 2013 G8?

Obama Calls For Further Nuclear Arms Reductions
Speaking at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, June 19, 2013, US President Barack Obama called for further nuclear arms reductions between the US and Russia.

U.S., Russian Relations Run Cold
U.S. and Russian foreign relations ran rather cold in May 2013, as both countries accused each other of either spying or recruiting spies; the U.S. claimed Russia didn't play straight with intelligence that could have impacted the Boston Marathon bombing; and the U.S. Secretary of State said Russian arms sales to Syria were "destabilizing" the Middle East. Here's the gist of it all.

Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
This mega section of the U.S. State Department deals with all things related to Europe, Russia and even the Middle East.

European Union
This is the English language homepage for the official European Union. The EU is a quasi-governmental entity setting policies and standards for 25 of the world's richest nations.

About Europe for Visitors
About.com Guide to Europe for Visitors James Martin offers resources for anyone planning to visit (or just learn more about) Europe.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NATO is the largest, most successful military alliance in the world. It includes much of Europe along with the United States and Canada. NATO is often seen as the primary vehicle for U.S. foreign policy engagement with Europe.

Western Europe's America Problem
In the Chronicle of Higher Education, Professor Andrei S. Markovits offers an entertaining tour of anti-Americanism across Europe.

Atlantic Review
The Atlantic Review is an online press digest covering the United States and transatlantic relations. This free service selects and summarizes key articles every day.

U.S., Russia Update Cold War NRRC Agreement

The Ukraine Crisis
US stands back as EU brokers tentative deal to end violence in Ukraine.

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